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  President Trump Discusses Coronavirus at Natl Institutes of Health  CSPAN  March 4, 2020 4:31am-4:57am EST

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national institute of health in bethesda maryland for an update on the coronavirus. you heard from health and human service secretary azar, doctor francisco in and other health officials. this is about 25 minutes.
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>> mr. president, thank you very much for coming today. i want to again thank you for your support of everything we've been doing in this obviously very important problem. first i would ask to have francis collins make a couple comments about the nih in general and then i will talk about some of the things you and i have been talking about for the past few weeks. >> thank you. welcome. it's wonderful to have you here. even though we are in fact faced with a serious public health situation we have a lot of people here working hard but are honored by the presence of the secretary.
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starting over here the deputy director of the vaccine resource center ancenter and that is whee right now. next to him the frontline on the bench making this thing happen. you know doctor fauci of course and next to him, the director of the vaccine resource center and next to him the principal deputy director of nih and we are all thrilled to have you here. i just want to say a word about nih because we haven't had the privilege of having you before us before and to set the context for this remarkable institution we distribute more than 80% of institutions all over the country and we heard about a breakthrough for medical research that happened at the
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university of illinois and florida supported by nih. we use those most rigorous systems in the world to decide what they are going to fund. we do everything from fundamental discoveries, clinical trials and everything in between. you could say that we do a-z or some version of that and we also support infrastructure that makes it possible at a time like this to be able to move rapidly in terms of developing a vaccine and you will hear more about that. the consequences of nih can measure in various ways extension of longevity cancer rates dropping about one or 2% a year and hiv. cystic fibrosis is a disease that used to be able to get kids to eight or ten years and now in the last two months is a drug therapy individuals are planning for retirement.
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economics we could also say this is one of the government's best investments because the return on investment every dollar nih spends, $8.38 because of other economic activity. but a major component about 11% of the budget is where you are now on this campus more than 5,000 mds, phd's are here on a variety of things. a few hundred yards from here the largest resource hospital in the world of the clinical center among the achievements the first chemotherapy for leukemia and the development for hiv, cancer immunotherapy saving lives including people that thought there was no hope for them and now they are not just helped cure. dramatic advances treating depression, lithium was invented here and coming in now turning to be an exciting development for people with resistant
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depression. the first gene therapy for humans down here at nih and now to the point we are hearing people have sickle cell disease and of course vaccines developed here. we are happy to embrace the particular description and you have next to you the most highly regarded infectious disease expert in the country i might even say in the world doctor fauci and they have been greased by his presence for many decades and he is exactly the right person to tell you what we are doing right now and how we are going to address the need for the vaccine in order to tackle this difficult problem so thank you for being here i hope that has helped. >> i want to connect what we've
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been talking about the past few weeks, so if i could get this slide here. when i mentioned the fastest time you get a pathogen you know what it is to the time that you do a phase one trial for safety so look at what's happened when sars was in 2003 from the time we got the virus to the time we did the first phase one trial is 20 months then the influenza ine got it down to 11. h. one and one -- h1n1, and ford of thing that's what this place is all about, it's kind of like a sports team -- swat team going out and responding. this building, this entire
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center was first started in response to making a vaccine for hiv but the crew that we brought together, the director of this place and we do everything from fundamental basic science to the clinical trials. i say this with some pride but also with some modesty there's a lot of questions and things we need to do, but this group is so good at what they do that every time we have a challenge and it could be the flu, it could be ebola, we always turn to this team to do that and it's something that we feel is we are proud of the venetian ship of these are the kind of things we have available. >> we would also like to welcome you, mr. president.
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we look forward to having you and telling you how we can work on the coronavirus vaccine. just to give a comparison because we talked about sars and mers and things like that this is an article i wrote a little while ago and i can't coronavirus is more than the common cold. up until recently it was a mild thing. next slide goes for all kinds of viruses ones with the red circle around it was like the common cold. until 2002 than we got a big surprise and the surprise was we
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had the severe acute respiratory syndrome and that was sars. then we got the middle east respiratory syndrome. but the story that you may remember, next slide in china in the wuhan province there was a strange disease that came up and nobody knew what it was, the chinese didn't really tell anybody about it for a few months. n-novembenovember until it got g kong and in a hotel in hong kong and this was way back in 2003, someone from china to the hotel, infected a bunch of people, next slide and this is what you had, flights going at the time we didn't make any restrictions the way you do which you saved us a lot of hurt. next slide. >> and then this is what happens. there were 8,000 cases and that is how we get the number that i've been telling you that the
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mortality was nine to 10%. if you do the math. next slide. the other one is the coronavirus which is the one that was in saudi arabia that was also from animal reservoir and it was from a bad to a camel and then for the people in the middle east who got it, that was the infection so these are the kind of things that go from an animal reservoir to a human sometimes it doesn't go anywhere it just goes to one or two people but sometimes it adapts itself and functions very efficiently. next. and that is what happened. we had the coronavirus in saudi arabia, a few cases in the united states but not many. and then this is where we are right now with the coronavirus and just getting back to the last sequence about a week after the chinese were able to put it
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up on the board and then these are the things we do we will stop there but we would really like to hear from you mr. president. >> i want to thank you all this is incredible. i've heard about you and know about you in name an your name o meet you now unfortunately because they are talking about this, but we have made tremendous progress. i know you're dealing with other nations to help them out because they got hit, some of them very badly and we are talking to them also and we are making decisions as to whether or not we are allowed to travel, they are allowed to travel and we've been pretty severe on those restrictions but i guess we did the right thing by being severe. severe. nih is the home i see so many different factors and it's true the greatest doctors i've heard that for so long he heard that from my uncle in fact, doctor trump, he's a big fan of what you've done.
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the scientists and researchers all over the world say that this is the best there is and i think the world is extremely happy that you are involved in tony, your reputation is second to none. we have to agree with that, we have no choice. but the fact is in this case it's true and we are lucky to have you. the vice president is over on the hill leaving now to finish it up but they are doing very well in terms of getting the funding. if they want to give us more than asked that unusual but that's okay. i want to thank everybody in all of the great scientists and doctors in everything and everw you are working around the clock and you have made great finds already and it makes us feel really good. we had good meetings yesterday
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with the companies that i guess you ultimately would go to the companies so we had pfizer and johnson & johnson and other great companies that were very positive as to the outcome and therapeutics for a bi were a big because they can happen faster than the actual vaccine and the result could have been a lot faster so we are looking for some good answers but i want to thank you very much. we appreciate it. thank you very much. i see him every day. [laughter] >> thank you al >> thank you all very much. appreciate it. mr. president, would you travel in japan or italy right now? >> i haven't been asked to, but i think that we are making decisions on certain parts of the country's as juno. we've already made a decisio thn
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on parts of italy and japan as it is very unfortunate because they've seen the incredible job they did on the olympics and as you know they are building facilities and it's nearly finished, it's beautiful right on time as usual with the japanese. the prime minister, a very good friend of mine. i don't know what they are going to do. they have a magnificent facility. but they will make the right decision i know that. but yes if it was necessary, i would do it. yes. >> further travel restrictions? >> we are lookin >> we are looking at different areas and will make the decision with these professionals. we made an early decision based on a little bit of luck that was the original decision on china. in all fairness to them they never blamed us. it was a tough decision for them, but they fully understood. they were very simple about it but that was a hard decision to
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make but we would have had a lot more people with difficulties if we did not make that decision very early on. but we will be making additional decisions as they arise i guess. >> what about closing the southern border, is that still on the table? >> we are not looking at a very strongly. we are not seeing a lot of evidence in the area. we are closing because we have a strong border there now. we didn't at all. we build 129 miles of wall and it's 100% secure, but we haven't seen any great evidence of that area as a problem at this moment so we don't have to bother with that at this moment. anybody else? >> you ar r. so nice today. [laughter] [inaudible] >> tell us about super tuesday and how you are watching. >> it's going to be an
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interesting evening. i think it is going to be something. there are some races going on there didn't seem tbut didn't sw days ago and now biden has come up a little bit and i don't know what's happened with bernie sanders. i think they are trying to take it away from him. i don't know if it's fair but it's politics when you get down to it, what's fair. but i think it's going to be a very interesting evening of television because of the california time difference it's going to go a little bit later than we are accustomed to and i will be watching. i will take anybody i have to. that's the way it's got to work. [inaudible] >> i really just -- we've done a great job, the strongest economy on earth, we've gone up and as you know, china's economy has beebeen heard not long hurt out. we have done a really good job and i think people understand that and i'm looking at the polls that are very good. whoever it is, we will take them
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on. we have no choice. anything else? >> did you have a reaction to the north korean launch of the missiles yesterday? >> i have no reaction, short term missiles, no. >> on afghanistan, was that your first conversation with the leader of the taliban? >> i don't want to see that but we had a very good conversation with the leader of the taliban today and they are looking to get this ended and we are looking to get this ended. we all have a common interest. we will find out that the country has to get this ended. we've been there for 20 years. other presidents have tried and have been unable to get any kind of an agreement. the relationship is very good. we hav had a good long conversan today. they want to cease the violence. they would like to cease violence. >> the afghan government seems reluctant to turn over the 5,000.
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>> they may be reluctant. they've done very well with the united states for many years. far beyond military if you look at all the money we've spent in afghanistan. we've spent trillions of dollars and a police force we are not fighting per se it's a fight if we had two we would win but i don't want to kill millions of people. i don't want to kill millions of people. i think it's crazy. so we will be there very soon it will be 20 years. and i said right from the beginning it's not easy to get out of this conflicts. conflicts. it's complex in terms of the people you have to deal with including people in the senate and the house and a lot of people feel differently about things but i've been amazed at how positive the response is to getting out of afghanistan and moving on and i had a great
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conversation today. >> the meeting today. >> are there new guidelines for nursing homes >> we have been educating healthcare providers from day number one back in january about the need to be on guard against respiratory syndrome and when we had this case of the long-term care facility in washington we sent out a special alerts to the facilities to be very mindful about the control, isolation with the most vulnerable of our seniors and other individuals that have comorbid conditions and that is really what we have been seeing around the world is the prevalence of the fatalities in the elderly and those that have other forms of medical fertility, comorbid conditions in the soap being on high alert in the nursing home community. >> could you talk about your meeting with lawmakers today and what specifically they are
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asking the federal government, what is the biggest concern? >> it's the same concern we've all had which is getting testing out their rapidly into the community so we can do testing on as many people as possible. as you know, our excellent team down at the cdc developed a task in record time with him getting the genetic sequence and we improved the diagnostic under an emergency use authorization in record time. we've been able to be testing throughout without any backlog and testing the throughput has been great. we've had 12 qualified to be able to do the testing. we did suffer a manufacturing issue on the test as it went out to the rest of the public health labs. we've got in that issue solved in the last week so that is up and running in the lab. we also have gotten the test produced by this contractor to get it out so we will this week
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have up to 75,000 tests shipping out there to the public health labs as well as available to hospitals and that is something really important happening on saturday morning so one of the biggest issues around testing people don't understand is during the obama administration, the fda for the first time asserted control and regulatory jurisdiction over what are called lab develops tests. before that at the hospital or a lab wide a quest diagnostics lab for her academic medical center would develop a test on their own they could just do that if they were a certified clinical lab but under the obama administration the fda jurisdictions that you have to come to us first indicate approval of the test. on saturday morning, but commissioner issued guidance under the authorization we are promoting these labs, these
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public health labs in-hospital labs and commercial labs to go ahead and get the test going, do your own test, make it available and come to us for approval after the fact. that will make millions of tests per week available quite rapidly. >> can i ask about the study today that showed the americans most at risk of attracting the coronavirus for those living with patients, so should americans be less worried about catching the virus from people on the street or airports? >> what we said at a press conference just yesterday is consistent with that which is is what the average american in your daily life the risk of getting the coronavirus is very low that if you are around individuals who have the virus from the rest obviously is higher and that is why the efforts were taken with washington answer to the santa clara county are around
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community medications to isolate individuals and reduced social contacts to bring the level of disease spreading down. >> i don't know if you've seen reports about the vice president having shaken hands with students from a florida school, one of whom had been poisoned. the placed a soft quarantine. does that concern you and what do you think about that? >> i haven't seen that report, no. >> [inaudible] >> w >> we are going to look at the uninsured and this came as a surprise that happened and shows us what can happen in life that we are going to be looking to see what can help. >> ias a part of the supplementl we will work with congress to help hospitals as they care for the uninsured and coronavirus. >> thank you all very much.g of.
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mr. schumer: i ask unanimous consent that the quorum be dispensed with. the presiding officer: without objection. mr. schumer: now, madam president, the number of confirmed coronavirus cases in the united states has recently surpassed 100. as more americans are tested in the days and weeks to come that number expected to increase. just this morning we learned that a second new yorker from new rochlle has